医学心理学英文心理1

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  Date:

  Name:(Chinese)

 Number:

  mark: 《Medical Psychology》Test Part 1: Definition (30 points, 3 points each )

 1. Psychology

 2. Perception 3. Learning 4. Adaptation

 5. Consciousness 6. Memory 7. Intelligence 8. Drive

 9. Mental set 10. Motivation

  Part 2: Choose correct answer (20 points, 2 points each )

 1. The fields of psychology include

  (

 ) A. Developmental psychology

  B. Personality psychology

 C. Physiological psychology

  D. Social psychology 2. Part of cerebral cortex that is responsible for voluntary movement is

 (

 ) A. Occipital lobe

  B. Frontal lobe

  C. Parietal lobe

  D. Temporal lobe 3. The theory suggested that our experience of emotion is our awareness of our

  physiological responses to emotion-arousing stimuli is

  (

 ) A. Schachter-Singer theory

  B. Cannon-Bard theory

  C. Skinner-Pavlov theory

  D. James-Lange theory

 4. Principles of perceptual organization include

  (

 ) A. Proximity

  B. Similarity

  C. Closure

  D.

 Continuity 5. The type of learning in which a response naturally elicited by one stimulus comes to be elicited by a different, formerly neutral stimulus is

 (

  )

  A. Operant learning

  B. Classical learning

  C. Cognitive learning

  D. Latent learning

 6. In classical learning, we have some basic elements which are

 (

  ) A. US

  B. UR

  C. CS

  D. CR

 7. In Pavlov’s study, the sound of the bell is

 (

  ) A. US

  B. UR

  C. CS

  D. CR

 8. Which belongs to secondary reinforcer

 (

  ) A. Money

  B. Attention

  C. Food

  D. Praise

  9. The three most important building blocks of thought are

  (

  ) A. Language

 B. Image

  C. Concept

 D. Cognition

  10. Emotion expression include

  (

  ) A. Facial expression

  B. posture expression

 C. Language expression

  D. Voice expression

  Part 3: Fill in the blanks with appropriate answers (20 points,1 point each)

 1. Most psychologists agree that psychology was born in (

  ), the year that Wilhelm Wundt founded the first psychological laboratory at the University of Leipzig in Germany.

  2. Chemicals released by the synaptic vesicles that travel across the synaptic space and affect adjacent neurons are called (

 ). 3. The basic experience of stimulating the body’s sense is (

 ).

 4. Perceptual constancy include (

  ) ,(

  ) , (

  ) and (

  ). 5. Trancelike state in which a person responds readily to suggestions is (

 ). 6. In operant conditioning, reinforcing successive approximations to a desired behavior is (

 ). 7. The transfer of a learned response to different but similar stimuli is (

  ). 8. Learning to respond to only one stimulus and to inhibit the response to all other stimuli is (

 ). 9. Learning that depends on mental processes that are not directly observable is (

  ). 10. The grouping of information into meaningful units for easier handling by short-term memory is (

 ) 11. Short term memory is also called (

 ) memory.

 12. Types of LTM include (

  ), (

 ), (

  ) and (

  ). 13. We have two kinds of serial position effect which are (

 ) and (

  ).

  Part 4: Answer Questions (30points, 15point each) 1. Describe research methods in psychology.

 2. Describe the theories of motivation.

  Answers Definition:

 1. Psychology: The scientific study of behavior and mental processes.

 2. Perception: the brain’s interpretation of sensory information so as to give it meaning. 3. Learning: the process by which experience or practice results in a relatively permanent change in behavior or potential behavior. 4. Adaptation: an adjustment of the senses to the level of stimulation they are received. 5. Consciousness: Our awareness of various cognitive processes, such as sleeping, dreaming, concentrating, and making decisions. 6. Memory : the ability to remember the things that we have experienced, imagined, and learned.

 7. Intelligence: a general term referring to the ability or abilities involved in learning and adaptive behavior. 8. Drive :State of tension or arousal that motivates behavior.

 9. Mental set : The tendency to perceive and to approach problems in certain ways.

 10. Motivation: Specific need or desire, such as hunger, thirst, or achievement, that prompts goal-directed behavior. Choices :

 1. ABCD

 2. B

 3. D

 4. ABCD

 5. B

 6. ABCD

 7. CS

  8.ABD

 9. ABC

 10. ABCD

 Blank 1. 1879

  2. Neurotransmitters

 3. Sensation

 4. Shape color bright and size 5. Hypnosis 6. Shaping 7. Stimuli generalization 8. Stimulus discrimination

 9. Cognitive learning 10. Chunking

 11. Working

 12. Episodic memory Semantic memory Procedural memory Emotional memory 13. The recency effect and primacy effect Research methods in psychology

 • Naturalistic observation • Case studies • Surveys • Correlational research • Experimental research A hierarchy of motives • Instincts • Drive reduction theory • Arousal theory

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